Control to grant or to deny access to a resource.
The act of making an account temporarily or permanently inactive after successive authentication failures.
Defined as part of policies, these verbs indicate what authorized identities can do to resources.
In the context of a policy decision denying access, a hint to the policy enforcement point about remedial action to take that could result in a decision allowing access.
User having privileges only to read and write agent profile configuration information, typically created to delegate agent profile creation to the user installing a web or Java agent.
Entity with read-only access to multiple agent profiles defined in the same realm; allows an agent to read web service profiles.
In general terms, a service exposing protected resources.
In the context of AM policies, the application is a template that constrains the policies that govern access to protected resources. An application can have zero or more policies.
Application types act as templates for creating policy applications.
Application types define a preset list of actions and functional logic, such as policy lookup and resource comparator logic.
Application types also define the internal normalization, indexing logic, and comparator logic for applications.
Access control that is based on attributes of a user, such as how old a user is or whether the user is a paying customer.
The act of confirming the identity of a principal.
A series of authentication modules configured together which a principal must negotiate as configured in order to authenticate successfully.
Positive integer associated with an authentication module, usually used to require success with more stringent authentication measures when requesting resources requiring special protection.
AM authentication unit that handles one way of obtaining and verifying credentials.
The act of determining whether to grant or to deny a principal access to a resource.
In OAuth 2.0, issues access tokens to the client after authenticating a resource owner and confirming that the owner authorizes the client to access the protected resource. AM can play this role in the OAuth 2.0 authorization framework.
Arrangement to federate a principal's identity automatically based on a common attribute value shared across the principal's profiles at different providers.
Batch job permanently federating user profiles between a service provider and an identity provider based on a list of matched user identifiers that exist on both providers.
Group of providers, including at least one identity provider, who have agreed to trust each other to participate in a SAML v2.0 provider federation.
In OAuth 2.0, requests protected web resources on behalf of the resource owner given the owner's authorization. AM can play this role in the OAuth 2.0 authorization framework.
After a successful OAuth 2.0 grant flow, AM returns a token to the client. This differs from CTS-based OAuth 2.0 tokens, where AM returns a reference to token to the client.
AM sessions for which AM returns session state to the client after each request, and require it to be passed in with the subsequent request. For browser-based clients, AM sets a cookie in the browser that contains the session information.
For browser-based clients, AM sets a cookie in the browser that contains the session state. When the browser transmits the cookie back to AM, AM decodes the session state from the cookie.
Defined as part of policies, these determine the circumstances under which which a policy applies.
Environmental conditions reflect circumstances like the client IP address, time of day, how the subject authenticated, or the authentication level achieved.
Subject conditions reflect characteristics of the subject like whether the subject authenticated, the identity of the subject, or claims in the subject's JWT.
LDAP directory service holding AM configuration data.
AM capability allowing single sign-on across different DNS domains.
After a successful OAuth 2.0 grant flow, AM returns a reference to the token to the client, rather than the token itself. This differs from client-based OAuth 2.0 tokens, where AM returns the entire token to the client.
AM sessions that reside in the Core Token Service's token store. CTS-based sessions might also be cached in memory on one or more AM servers. AM tracks these sessions in order to handle events like logout and timeout, to permit session constraints, and to notify applications involved in SSO when a session ends.
Granting users administrative privileges with AM.
Decision that defines which resource names can and cannot be accessed for a given identity in the context of a particular application, which actions are allowed and which are denied, and any related advice and attributes.
Federation configuration information specific to AM.
Standard, XML-based access control policy language, including a processing model for making authorization decisions based on policies.
Standardized means for aggregating identities, sharing authentication and authorization data information between trusted providers, and allowing principals to access services across different providers without authenticating repeatedly.
Service provider application capable of participating in a circle of trust and allowing federation without installing all of AM on the service provider side; AM lets you create Java Fedlets.
Refers to configuration properties for which changes can take effect without restarting the container where AM runs.
Set of data that uniquely describes a person or a thing such as a device or an application.
Linking of a principal's identity across multiple providers.
Entity that produces assertions about a principal (such as how and when a principal authenticated, or that the principal's profile has a specified attribute value).
Data store holding user profiles and group information; different identity repositories can be defined for different realms.
Java web application installed in a web container that acts as a policy enforcement point, filtering requests to other applications in the container with policies based on application resource URLs.
Federation configuration information for a provider.
Set of rules that define who is granted access to a protected resource when, how, and under what conditions.
Java, web, or custom agent that intercepts requests for resources, directs principals to AM for authentication, and enforces policy decisions from AM.
Entity that manages and stores policy definitions.
Entity that evaluates access rights and then issues authorization decisions.
Entity that intercepts a request for a resource and then enforces policy decisions from a PDP.
Entity that provides extra information, such as user profile attributes that a PDP needs in order to make a decision.
Represents an entity that has been authenticated (such as a user, a device, or an application), and thus is distinguished from other entities.
When a Subject successfully authenticates, AM associates the Subject with the Principal.
In the context of delegated administration, a set of administrative tasks that can be performed by specified identities in a given realm.
Agreement among providers to participate in a circle of trust.
AM unit for organizing configuration and identity information.
Realms can be used for example when different parts of an organization have different applications and identity stores, and when different organizations use the same AM deployment.
Administrators can delegate realm administration. The administrator assigns administrative privileges to users, allowing them to perform administrative tasks within the realm.
Something a user can access over the network such as a web page.
Defined as part of policies, these can include wildcards in order to match multiple actual resources.
In OAuth 2.0, entity who can authorize access to protected web resources, such as an end user.
In OAuth 2.0, server hosting protected web resources, capable of handling access tokens to respond to requests for such resources.
Defined as part of policies, these allow AM to return additional information in the form of "attributes" with the response to a policy decision.
Access control that is based on whether a user has been granted a set of permissions (a role).
Standard, XML-based language for exchanging authentication and authorization data between identity providers and service providers.
Entity that consumes assertions about a principal (and provides a service that the principal is trying to access).
The interval while the user or entity is authenticating to AM.
The interval that starts after the user has authenticated and ends when the user logs out, or when their session is terminated. For browser-based clients, AM manages user sessions across one or more applications by setting a session cookie. See also CTS-based sessions and Client-based sessions.
Capability that lets any AM server in a clustered deployment access shared, persistent information about users' sessions from the CTS token store. The user does not need to log in again unless the entire deployment goes down.
Unique identifier issued by AM after successful authentication. For a CTS-based sessions, the session token is used to track a principal's session.
Capability allowing a principal to end a session once, thereby ending her session across multiple applications.
Capability allowing a principal to authenticate once and gain access to multiple applications without authenticating again.
Group of AM servers configured the same way, accessed through a load balancer layer. The load balancer handles failover to provide service-level availability.
The load balancer can also be used to protect AM services.
Standard federation configuration information that you can share with other access management software.
Stateless services do not store any data locally to the service. When the service requires data to perform any action, it requests it from a data store. For example, a stateless authentication service stores session state for logged-in users in a database. This way, any server in the deployment can recover the session from the database and service requests for any user.
All AM services are stateless unless otherwise specified. See also Client-based sessions and CTS-based sessions.
Entity that requests access to a resource
When an identity successfully authenticates, AM associates the identity with the Principal that distinguishes it from other identities. An identity can be associated with multiple principals.
Data storage service holding principals' profiles; underlying storage can be an LDAP directory service or a custom
Native library installed in a web server that acts as a policy enforcement point with policies based on web page URLs.