Guide to ForgeRock Identity Platform™ modules.

About the ForgeRock Identity Platform

ForgeRock Identity Platform is the only offering for access management, identity management, user-managed access, directory services, and an identity gateway, designed and built as a single, unified platform.

This guide describes in general terms the ForgeRock® modules that compose the ForgeRock Identity Platform, and indicates where to find the documentation corresponding to each module. Table 1, "ForgeRock Identity Platform Modules" summarizes the modules available.

Table 1. ForgeRock Identity Platform Modules
Core SolutionModuleFind Details In
ForgeRock Access Management (AM)AuthenticationSection 1.1, "Authentication Module"
AuthorizationSection 1.2, "Authorization Module"
FederationSection 1.3, "Federation Module"
Adaptive RiskSection 1.4, "Adaptive Risk Module"
User-Managed AccessSection 1.5, "User-Managed Access Module"
ForgeRock Identity Management (IDM)Identity SynchronizationSection 2.1, "Identity Synchronization Module"
Self-ServiceSection 2.2, "Self-Service Module"
WorkflowSection 2.3, "Workflow Module"
Social IdentitySection 2.4, "Social Identity Module"
ForgeRock Directory Services (DS)Directory ServicesSection 3.1, "Directory Services Module"
Directory Proxy ServicesSection 3.2, "Directory Proxy Services Module"
ForgeRock Identity Gateway (IG)Identity GatewaySection 4.1, "Identity Gateway Module"

This guide includes general statements of functionality for the following software versions:

  • ForgeRock Access Management 14.0.0, with web policy agents 4.0, and Java EE policy agents 3.5

  • ForgeRock Identity Management 5.0.0

  • ForgeRock Directory Services 4.0.0

  • ForgeRock Identity Gateway 5.0.0

This document is not meant to serve as a statement of functional specifications. Software functionality may evolve in incompatible ways in major and minor releases, and occasionally in maintenance (patch) releases. Release notes cover many incompatible changes. If you see an incompatible change for a stable interface that is not mentioned in the release notes, please report an issue with the product documentation for that release.

Chapter 1. Access Management

ForgeRock Access Management 14.0.0 software has been used to provide the following capabilities:

  • Advanced authentication

  • Mobile authentication

  • Push authentication

  • Adaptive risk authentication

  • Centralized and distributed authorization

  • Federation

  • Single sign-on (SSO)

  • User self-services and social sign-on

  • High-availability and scalability

  • Adaptable monitoring and auditing services

  • Developer-friendly, rich standards support

1.1. Authentication Module

This module will help you build secure, robust, centrally managed single sign-on services, where the user, application, or device signs on once and then is granted appropriate access everywhere. Authentication management integrates delegated authentication chains with many authentication methods supported by default. All authentication-related events are logged for auditing and reporting purposes.

Authentication module features are described in Table 1.1, "Module Features".

Table 1.1. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Authentication ModulesMore than twenty modules provided, including multi-factor and strong authentication Authentication Module Properties
Session High AvailabilityPersistent access management sessions, authenticating the user until the session expires Session high availability is enabled by default with no setup required.
Multi-Factor and Strong AuthenticationCapability to challenge for additional credentials when authentication takes place under centrally-defined risky or suspicious conditions About Multi-Factor Authentication
External Configuration StoreConfiguration storage in ForgeRock Directory Services for high-availability Preparing an External Configuration Data Store
REST and SOAP STSSecure Token Service (STS) for bridging identities across web and enterprise Identity Access Management (IAM) systems through a token transformation process, securely providing cross-system access to service resources by authenticated requesting applications About the STS
Policy Agents for SSOIntercept requests to access protected resources and redirect for appropriate authentication Java EE and Web Policy Agents Documentation
Mobile AuthenticatorSample iOS and Android applications for strong multi-factor authentication with one-time passwords, secure QR code provisioning, and recovery codes for lost or stolen devices Sample Mobile Authentication Applications

1.2. Authorization Module

This module will help you create powerful, context-based policies with a GUI-based policy editor and with REST APIs to control access to online resources. Resources can be URLs, external services, or devices and things. Authorization management lets you manage policies centrally and enforce them locally through installable agents, or through REST, C, and Java applications. Authorization management is extensible, making it possible to define external subjects, complex conditions, and custom access decisions.

Authorization module features are described in Table 1.2, "Module Features".

Table 1.2. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Entitlement PoliciesModern web-based policy editor for building policies, making it possible to add and update policies as needed without touching the underlying applications Introducing Authorization
Policy Agents for EnforcementAccess enforcement for online resources with the capability to require higher levels of authentication and session upgrade when accessing sensitive resources Java EE and Web Policy Agents Documentation
XACML ExportSupport for eXtensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) with export in XACML format for backup, transfer between servers, and storage in version control systems Importing and Exporting Policies

1.3. Federation Module

This module will help you extend SSO capabilities across organization boundaries based on standards-based interoperability.

Federation module features are described in Table 1.3, "Module Features".

Table 1.3. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
SAML 2.0 IDP and SPIdentity federation with SaaS applications, such as Salesforce.com, Google Apps, WebEx, and many more Configuring IdPs, SPs, and COTs
SAML 2.0 SSO and SLOWeb Single Sign-On and Single Logout profile support Implementing SAML v2.0 SSO and SLO
ADFSFederation with Active Directory Federation Services Introducing SAML v2.0 Support
SAML 2.0 Attribute and Advanced ProfilesSupport for transmitting only attributes used by targeted applications SAML v2.0 Deployment Overview
OpenID ConnectOpenID Connect 1.0 compliance for running an OpenID Provider, including advanced profiles, such as Mobile Connect Introducing OpenID Connect 1.0
OAuth 2.0OAuth 2.0 compliance for running an authorization server Introducing OAuth 2.0
Social LoginFor acting as an OAuth 2.0 client of social identity providers, such as Facebook, Google, and Microsoft Implementing Social Authentication

1.4. Adaptive Risk Module

This module introduces risk assessment to the authentication and authorization processes. It can be customized to provide risk scoring, flexible conditions, and contextual determination of risk to bar invalid entrants in real time.

Adaptive Risk module features are described in Table 1.4, "Module Features".

Table 1.4. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Device FingerprintingAuthentication decisions based on collection and comparison of remote user device characteristics in a unique device profile Device ID (Match) Authentication Module Properties, Device ID (Save) Authentication Module Properties
Scripted AuthN and AuthZ ConditionsAuthentication and authorization decisions incorporating custom, scripted logic About Scripting
Adaptive AuthenticationRisk assessment based on predetermined characteristics to determine whether to complete further authentication steps Adaptive Risk Authentication Module Properties

1.5. User-Managed Access Module

This module consists of a consumer-facing implementation of the User-Managed Access (UMA) 1.0 standard. The standard defines an OAuth 2.0-based protocol designed to give individuals a unified control point for authorizing who and what can access their digital data, content, and services. For example, you can use this module to build a solution where end users can delegate access though a share button, and then monitor and change sharing preferences through a central dashboard.

User-Managed Access module features are described in Table 1.5, "Module Features".

Table 1.5. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
UMA Standard ConformanceConformance to the UMA 1.0 standard for interoperability with organizational and partner systems, including federated authorization and customer-centric use cases Introducing UMA 1.0
UMA Authorization ServerAuthorization server with dynamic resource set registration, end user control of resource sharing, responses to access requests, and full audit history Implementing UMA 1.0
UMA ProtectorForgeRock Identity Gateway protection for resources and services with the UMA 1.0 standard Supporting UMA Resource Servers

Chapter 2. Identity Management

ForgeRock Identity Management 5.0.0 brings together multiple sources of identity for policy and workflow-based management that puts you in control of the data. Build a solution to consume, transform, and feed data to external sources to help you maintain control over identities of users, devices, and things.

ForgeRock Identity Management 5.0.0 software has been used to provide the following capabilities:

  • Provisioning

  • Synchronization and reconciliation

  • Adaptable monitoring and auditing services

  • Connections to cloud services with simple social registration

  • Flexible developer access

  • Password synchronization

  • Identity data visualization

  • User self-services

  • Workflow engine

  • OpenICF connector framework to external systems

2.1. Identity Synchronization Module

This module can serve as the foundation for provisioning and identity data reconciliation. Synchronization capabilities are available as a service and through REST APIs to be used directly by external applications. Activities occurring in the system can be configured to log and audit events for reporting purposes.

Identity Synchronization module features are described in Table 2.1, "Module Features".

Table 2.1. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Provisioning EngineCentralized registration and provisioning for users, devices, and things Synchronizing Data Between Resources
Discovery EngineLive discovery and synchronization for account changes Types of Synchronization
SynchronizationSynchronization of identity data across managed data stores Configuring Synchronization Between Two Resources
ReconciliationAlignment between accounts across managed data stores Managing Reconciliation
Password SynchronizationNear real-time password synchronization across managed data stores Managing Passwords
Directory Services and Active Directory PluginsNative password synchronization plugins for ForgeRock Directory Services and Microsoft Active Directory Synchronizing Passwords With an LDAP Server
Connector Servers for Java and .NET ConnectorsRemote operation for provisioning across all managed data stores Connecting to External Resources
All ConnectorsExtensible interoperability for identity, compliance, and risk management across a variety of specific applications and services Connectors Guide

2.2. Self-Service Module

This module can be used to allow end users to manage their own passwords and profiles securely according to predefined policies.

The capabilities in this module are shared with ForgeRock Access Management as described in Introducing User Self-Service.

Self-Service module features are described in Table 2.2, "Module Features".

Table 2.2. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Password ManagementEnd user dashboard to change and reset passwords based on predefined policies and security questions Working With the Self-Service UI
Password ResetMechanisms to allow users to reset their own passwords with predefined policies Configuring User Self-Service
Knowledge-Based AuthenticationVerification for user identities based on predefined and end user-created security questions Configuring Self-Service Questions
Profile ManagementEnd user dashboard to manage user profile information The Self-Service UI Profile
Forgotten UsernameMechanisms to allow users to recover their usernames with predefined policies Working With the Self-Service UI

2.3. Workflow Module

This module can be used to visually organize identity synchronization, reconciliation, and provisioning into repeatable processes with logging and auditing for reporting purposes.

Workflow module features are described in Table 2.3, "Module Features".

Table 2.3. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Activiti Workflow EngineLightweight workflow and business process management platform Setting Up Activiti Integration
BPMN 2.0 SupportStandards-based Business Process Model and Notation 2.0 support BPMN 2.0 and the Activiti Tools
Workflow-Driven ProvisioningDefine provisioning workflows for self-service, sunrise and sunset processes, approvals, escalations, and maintenance Integrating Business Processes and Workflows

2.4. Social Identity Module

With this module, you can allow users to register and authenticate with specified standards-compliant social identity providers. These users can also link multiple social identity providers to the same account, thus establishing a single consumer identity.

With the attributes collected from each user profile, you can configure the module to authorize access to applications and resources, including lead generation tools.

Social identity module features are described in Table 2.4, "Module Features".

Table 2.4. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
RegistrationUser registration with social identity accounts Configuring Social Identity Providers
AuthenticationSocial login for identity management OpenID Connect Authorization Code Flow
Consent and Preference ManagementConfigurable user preferences Configuring Synchronization Filters With User Preferences
Account LinkingUsers can select specific social identity providers for logins Managing Links Between End User Accounts and Social ID Providers
Attribute Scope ManagementAdministrators can include any or all scopes available, by social identity provider Configuring Social ID Providers

Chapter 3. Directory Services

ForgeRock Directory Services 4.0.0 serves as a foundation for LDAPv3 and RESTful directories.

ForgeRock Directory Services software has been used to provide the following capabilities:

  • Large-scale, distributed read and write performance

  • Flexible key-value data model for storing users, devices, and things

  • Data storage with confidentiality, integrity, and security

  • High-availability through data replication and proxy services

  • Single logical entry point for use in protecting LDAPv3 directory services

  • Load-balancing and failover for LDAPv3 directory services

  • Maximum interoperability and pass-through delegated authentication

  • Adaptable monitoring and auditing services

  • Easy installation, configuration, and management

  • Developer-friendly, rich standards support

3.1. Directory Services Module

ForgeRock Directory Services module features are described in Table 3.1, "Module Features".

Table 3.1. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
LDAPv3Compliance with the latest LDAP protocol standards Understanding Directory Services
REST APIs and REST to LDAP GatewayHTTP-based RESTful access to user data and server configuration RESTful Client Access Over HTTP
DSMLv2 GatewayHTTP-based SOAP access to LDAP operations for web services DSML Client Access
High-Availability Multi-Master ReplicationData replication for always-on services, enabling failover and disaster recovery Managing Data Replication
Embedded DatabasesChoice of Oracle Berkeley DB or ForgeRock DB Creating a New Database Backend
User/Object StoreFlexible key-value data model for storing users, devices, and things Managing Directory Data
Passwords and Data SecurityPassword digests, encryption schemes, and customizable rules for password policy compliance to help protect data on disk and shared infrastructure Encrypting Directory Data, Configuring Password Policy

3.2. Directory Proxy Services Module

ForgeRock Directory Proxy Services module features are described in Table 3.2, "Module Features".

Table 3.2. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
Single Point of AccessUniform view of underlying LDAPv3 directory services for client applications Deploying a Single Point of Directory Access
High Service AvailabilityLDAP services with reliable crossover and DN-based routing Deploying Proxy Services for High Availability
Load-Balancing and FailoverConfigurable load-balancing across directory servers with redundancy, and capabilities to handle referrals, connection failures, and network partitions Choosing a Load Balancing Algorithm
Protection For Directory ServicesSecure incoming and outgoing connections, and provide coarse-grained access control Securing Network Connections, About Global Access Control Policies
LDAPv3Compliance with the latest LDAP protocol standards Understanding Directory Services
REST APIsHTTP-based RESTful access to user data and server configuration RESTful Client Access Over HTTP

Chapter 4. Identity Gateway

ForgeRock Identity Gateway 5.0.0 can help you integrate web applications, APIs, and microservices with the ForgeRock Identity Platform, without modifying the application or the container where it runs. Based on reverse proxy architecture, it enforces security and access control in conjunction with the Access Management modules.

ForgeRock Identity Gateway software has been used to provide the following capabilities:

  • Protection for IoT services, microservices, and APIs

  • Policy enforcement

  • Adaptable throttling, monitoring, and auditing

  • Secure token transformation

  • Support for identity standards such as OAuth 2.0, OpenID Connect, SAML 2.0, and UMA

  • Password capture and replay

  • Rapid prototyping

4.1. Identity Gateway Module

The ForgeRock Identity Gateway module features are described in Table 4.1, "Module Features".

Table 4.1. Module Features
FeatureDescriptionDocumentation
OpenID Connect AuthenticationFederation according to OpenID Connect 1.0 standards Identity Gateway As an OAuth 2.0 Client or OpenID Connect Relying Party
OAuth 2.0 AuthorizationFederation according to OAuth 2.0 standards Acting As an OAuth 2.0 Resource Server, Acting As an OAuth 2.0 Client or OpenID Connect Relying Party
Access Policy EnforcementEnforcement of centralized authorization policies for applications requiring Access Management Enforcing Policy Decisions and Supporting Session Upgrade
OpenAM STS Token TranslatorAccess to SAML resources for mobile applications (requires Access Management) Transforming OpenID Connect ID Tokens Into SAML Assertions
ThrottlingThrottling to limit access to protected applications Throttling the Rate of Requests to Protected Applications
Password ReplaySecure replay of credentials to legacy applications or APIs Getting Login Credentials From Data Sources
StudioUser interface for rapid development and prototyping Creating Routes Through IG Studio
DevOps ToolingDeploying Basic and Customized Configurations Through Docker Deployment Guide
UMA Resource ServerProtection for resources and services according to the UMA 1.0 standard Supporting UMA Resource Servers

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