Authorization and Roles

When a user authenticates, they are given a set of default roles, as described in "Authentication and Roles". The authorization configuration grants access rights to users, based on these roles acquired during authentication.

You can use internal and managed roles to restrict access, with the following caveats:

  • Internal roles are not meant to be provisioned or synchronized with external systems.

  • Internal roles cannot be given assignments.

  • Event scripts (such as onCreate) cannot be attached to internal roles.

  • The internal role schema is not configurable.

Authorization roles are referenced in a user's authzRoles property by default, and are assigned when the user authenticates.

By default, managed users are assigned the openidm-authorized role when they authenticate. The following request shows the authorization roles for user psmith when that user logs in to the server:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: psmith" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: Passw0rd" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--cacert ca-cert.pem \
--request GET \
"https://localhost:8443/openidm/managed/user/openidm/info/login"
{
  "_id": "login",
  "authenticationId": "psmith",
  "authorization": {
    "userRolesProperty": "authzRoles",
    "component": "managed/user",
    "authLogin": false,
    "authenticationIdProperty": "username",
    "roles": [
      "internal/role/openidm-authorized"
    ],
    "ipAddress": "0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1",
    "authenticationId": "psmith",
    "protectedAttributeList": [
      "password"
    ],
    "id": "psmith",
    "moduleId": "MANAGED_USER",
    "queryId": "credential-query"
  }
}

The authorization implementation is configured in two files:

  • openidm/bin/defaults/script/router-authz.js

  • project-dir/conf/access.json

IDM calls the router-authz.js script for each request, through an onRequest hook defined in the router.json file. router-authz.js references your project's access configuration (access.json) to determine the allowed HTTP requests. If access is denied, according to the configuration defined in access.json, the router-authz.js script throws an exception, and IDM denies the request.

router.json also defines an onResponse script, relationshipFilter. This provides additional filtering to ensure that the user has the appropriate access to see the data of the related object. You can change this behavior by extending or updating /bin/defaults/script/relationshipFilter.js, or by removing the onResponse script if you don't want additional filtering on relationships. For more information about relationships, see Relationships Between Objects.)

Note

You can configure delegated administration to grant access that bypasses this access control.

The Router Authorization Script

The router authorization script (router-authz.js contains a number of functions that enforce access rules. For example, the following function controls whether users with a certain role can start a specified process:

function isAllowedToStartProcess() {
    var processDefinitionId = request.content._processDefinitionId;
    var key = request.content._key;
    return isProcessOnUsersList(function (process) {
        return (process._id === processDefinitionId) || (process.key === key);
    });
}

You can extend the default authorization mechanism by defining additional functions in router-authz.js and by creating new access control rules in access.json.

Important

Some authorization-related functions in router-authz.js should not be altered, because they affect the security of the server. Such functions are indicated in the comments in that file.

Configure Access Control in access.json

The access.json configuration includes a set of rules that govern access to specific endpoints. These rules are tested in the order in which they appear in the file. You can define more than one rule for the same endpoint. If one rule passes, the request is allowed. If all the rules fail, the request is denied.

The following rule (from a default access.json file) shows the access configuration structure:

{
    "pattern"   : "system/*",
    "roles"     : "internal/role/openidm-admin",
    "methods"   : "action",
    "actions"   : "test,testConfig,createconfiguration,liveSync,authenticate"
}

This rule specifies that users with the openidm-admin role can perform the listed actions on all system endpoints.

The parameters in each access rule are as follows:

pattern

The REST endpoint for which access is being controlled. "*" specifies access to all endpoints in that path. For example, "managed/user/*" specifies access to all managed user objects.

roles

A comma-separated list of the roles to which this access configuration applies.

The roles referenced here align with the object's security context (security.authorization.roles). The authzRoles relationship property of a managed user produces this security context value during authentication.

methods

A comma-separated list of the methods that can be performed with this access. Methods can include create, read, update, delete, patch, action, query. A value of "*" indicates that all methods are allowed. A value of "" indicates that no methods are allowed.

actions

A comma-separated list of the allowed actions. The possible actions depend on the resource (URL) that is being exposed. Note that the actions in the default access.json file do not list all the supported actions on each resource.

A value of "*" indicates that all actions exposed for that resource are allowed. A value of "" indicates that no actions are allowed.

customAuthz

An optional parameter that lets you define a custom function for additional authorization checks. Custom functions are defined in router-authz.js.

excludePatterns

An optional parameter that lets you specify endpoints to which access should not be granted.

Change the Access Configuration Over REST

You can manage the access configuration at the endpoint openidm/config/access. To change an access rule, first get the current access configuration, amend it to change the access rule, then submit the updated configuration in a PUT request. This example restricts access to the info endpoint to users who have authenticated:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0"  \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/config/access"
{
  "_id": "access",
  "configs": [
    {
      "pattern": "info/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "login,logout"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "getAuthRedirect,handlePostAuth,getLogoutUrl"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "normalizeProfile"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/themeconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/uiconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/selfservice/kbaConfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/dashboard",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/features",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "listPrivileges"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/socialUserClaim",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/username",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('retrieveUsername')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/profile",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/termsAndConditions",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kbaUpdate",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "context.current.name === 'selfservice'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('kba')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-reg",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration') && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset']) || checkIfProgressiveProfileIsEnabled()) && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "send",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "excludePatterns": "repo,repo/*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "create,read,update,delete,patch,query",
      "actions": ""
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "script",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "test,testConfig,createconfiguration,liveSync,authenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/link",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "command",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.commandId === 'delete-mapping-links'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,query,patch"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/role/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,query"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "profile/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,action,update",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/terms",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "sendTemplate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "reauthenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action,delete",
      "actions": "bind,unbind",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "update,patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', []) && reauthIfProtectedAttributeChange()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(request.resourcePath === 'selfservice/user/' + context.security.authorization.id) && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/getprocessesforuser",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/gettasksview",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "complete",
      "customAuthz": "isMyTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,update",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "canUpdateTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processinstance",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "isAllowedToStartProcess()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processdefinition/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "read",
      "customAuthz": "isOneOfMyWorkflows()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-cert",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "isQueryOneOf({'managed/user': ['for-userName']}) && restrictPatchToFields(['password'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/usermeta/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/notification/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,delete",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationshipCollection(['idps','_meta','_notifications'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "notification",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "deleteNotificationsForTarget",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.target === (context.security.authorization.component + '/' + context.security.authorization.id)"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownIDP()"
    }
  ]
}
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Content-type: application/json" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0"  \
--request PUT \
--data '{
  "_id": "access",
  "configs": [
    {
      "pattern": "info/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "login,logout"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "getAuthRedirect,handlePostAuth,getLogoutUrl"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "normalizeProfile"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/themeconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/uiconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/selfservice/kbaConfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/dashboard",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/features",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "listPrivileges"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/socialUserClaim",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/username",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('retrieveUsername')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/profile",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/termsAndConditions",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kbaUpdate",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "context.current.name === 'selfservice'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('kba')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-reg",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration') && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset']) || checkIfProgressiveProfileIsEnabled()) && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "send",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "excludePatterns": "repo,repo/*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "create,read,update,delete,patch,query",
      "actions": ""
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "script",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "test,testConfig,createconfiguration,liveSync,authenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/link",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "command",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.commandId === 'delete-mapping-links'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,query,patch"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/role/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,query"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "profile/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,action,update",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/terms",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "sendTemplate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "reauthenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action,delete",
      "actions": "bind,unbind",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "update,patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', []) && reauthIfProtectedAttributeChange()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(request.resourcePath === 'selfservice/user/' + context.security.authorization.id) && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/getprocessesforuser",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/gettasksview",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "complete",
      "customAuthz": "isMyTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,update",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "canUpdateTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processinstance",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "isAllowedToStartProcess()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processdefinition/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "read",
      "customAuthz": "isOneOfMyWorkflows()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-cert",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "isQueryOneOf({'managed/user': ['for-userName']}) && restrictPatchToFields(['password'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/usermeta/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/notification/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,delete",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationshipCollection(['idps','_meta','_notifications'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "notification",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "deleteNotificationsForTarget",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.target === (context.security.authorization.component + '/' + context.security.authorization.id)"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownIDP()"
    }
  ]
}' \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/config/access"
{
  "_id": "access",
  "configs": [
    {
      "pattern": "info/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "login,logout"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "getAuthRedirect,handlePostAuth,getLogoutUrl"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "normalizeProfile"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/themeconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/uiconfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/selfservice/kbaConfig",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/dashboard",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "info/features",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "listPrivileges"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "privilege/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/socialUserClaim",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/username",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('retrieveUsername')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/profile",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/termsAndConditions",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kbaUpdate",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "submitRequirements"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "context.current.name === 'selfservice'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/registration",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/selfservice/reset",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action,read",
      "actions": "validateObject",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('passwordReset')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('kba')"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-reg",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled('registration') && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'passwordReset']) || checkIfProgressiveProfileIsEnabled()) && isSelfServiceRequest() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "*",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "send",
      "customAuthz": "checkIfAnyFeatureEnabled(['registration', 'retrieveUsername', 'passwordReset']) && isSelfServiceRequest()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "excludePatterns": "repo,repo/*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "create,read,update,delete,patch,query",
      "actions": ""
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "script",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "system/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "test,testConfig,createconfiguration,liveSync,authenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "disallowCommandAction()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "repo/link",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-admin",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "command",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.commandId === 'delete-mapping-links'"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,query,patch"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/role/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,query"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "profile/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "create,read,action,update",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "schema/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "consent",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action,query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/kba",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/terms",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "identityProviders",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "read"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "external/email",
      "roles": "internal/role/platform-provisioning",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "sendTemplate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "policy/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "config/ui/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "authentication",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "reauthenticate"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,action,delete",
      "actions": "bind,unbind",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "update,patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "ownDataOnly() && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', []) && reauthIfProtectedAttributeChange()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "selfservice/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "(request.resourcePath === 'selfservice/user/' + context.security.authorization.id) && onlyEditableManagedObjectProperties('user', [])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/getprocessesforuser",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "endpoint/gettasksview",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "query",
      "actions": "*"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "complete",
      "customAuthz": "isMyTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/taskinstance/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,update",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "canUpdateTask()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processinstance",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "create",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "isAllowedToStartProcess()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "workflow/processdefinition/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "*",
      "actions": "read",
      "customAuthz": "isOneOfMyWorkflows()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-cert",
      "methods": "patch,action",
      "actions": "patch",
      "customAuthz": "isQueryOneOf({'managed/user': ['for-userName']}) && restrictPatchToFields(['password'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/usermeta/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "internal/notification/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,delete",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationship()"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/user/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read,query",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownRelationshipCollection(['idps','_meta','_notifications'])"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "notification",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "action",
      "actions": "deleteNotificationsForTarget",
      "customAuthz": "request.additionalParameters.target === (context.security.authorization.component + '/' + context.security.authorization.id)"
    },
    {
      "pattern": "managed/*",
      "roles": "internal/role/openidm-authorized",
      "methods": "read",
      "actions": "*",
      "customAuthz": "ownIDP()"
    }
  ]
}

Grant Internal Authorization Roles Manually

Apart from the default roles that users get when they authenticate, you can grant internal authorization roles manually, over REST or through the Admin UI. This mechanism works in the same way as the granting of managed roles. For information about granting managed roles, see Grant Roles to a User. To grant an internal role manually through the Admin UI:

  1. Select Manage > User and click the user to whom you want to grant the role.

  2. Select the Authorization Roles tab and click Add Authorization Roles.

  3. Select Internal Role as the Type, click in the Authorization Roles field to select from the list of defined Internal Roles, then click Add.

To manually grant an internal role over REST, add a reference to the internal role to the user's authzRoles property. The following command adds the openidm-admin role to user bjensen (with ID 9dce06d4-2fc1-4830-a92b-bd35c2f6bcbb):

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--cacert ca-cert.pem \
--request PATCH \
--data '[
  {
    "operation": "add",
    "field": "/authzRoles/-",
    "value": {"_ref" : "internal/role/openidm-admin"}
  }
]' \
"https://localhost:8443/openidm/managed/user/9dce06d4-2fc1-4830-a92b-bd35c2f6bcbb"
{
  "_id": "9dce06d4-2fc1-4830-a92b-bd35c2f6bcbb",
  "_rev": "0000000050c62938",
  "mail": "bjensen@example.com",
  "givenName": "Barbara",
  "sn": "Jensen",
  "description": "Created By CSV",
  "userName": "bjensen",
  "telephoneNumber": "1234567",
  "accountStatus": "active",
  "effectiveRoles": [],
  "effectiveAssignments": []
}

You can also grant internal roles dynamically using conditional role grants.

Note

Because internal roles are not managed objects, you cannot manipulate them in the same way as managed roles. Therefore you cannot add a user to an internal role, as you would to a managed role.

To add users directly to an internal role, add the users as values of the role's authzMembers property. For example:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--cacert ca-cert.pem \
--request POST \
--data '{"_ref":"managed/user/bjensen"}' \
"https://localhost:8443/openidm/internal/role/3042798d-37fd-49aa-bae3-52598d2c8dc4/authzMembers?_action=create"

Secure Access to Workflows

The End User UI is integrated with the embedded Flowable worfklow engine, enabling users to interact with workflows. Available workflows are displayed under the Processes item on the Dashboard. In order for a workflow to be displayed here, the workflow definition file must be present in the openidm/workflow directory.

A sample workflow integration with the End User UI is provided in openidm/samples/provisioning-with-workflow, and documented in Provision Users With Workflow. Follow the steps in that sample for an understanding of how the workflow integration works.

General access to workflow-related endpoints is based on the access rules defined in the conf/access.json file. The configuration defined in conf/process-access.json specifies who can invoke workflows. By default, all users with the role openidm-authorized or openidm-admin can invoke any available workflow. The default process-access.json file is as follows:

{
    "workflowAccess" : [
        {
            "propertiesCheck" : {
                "property" : "_id",
                "matches" : ".*",
                "requiresRole" : "internal/role/openidm-authorized"
            }
        },
        {
            "propertiesCheck" : {
                "property" : "_id",
                "matches" : ".*",
                "requiresRole" : "internal/role/openidm-admin"
            }
        }
    ]
}
property

Specifies the property used to identify the process definition. By default, process definitions are identified by their _id.

matches

A regular expression match is performed on the process definitions, according to the specified property. The default ("matches" : ".*") implies that all process definition IDs match.

requiresRole

Specifies the authorization role that is required for users to have access to the matched process definition IDs. In the default file, users with the role openidm-authorized or openidm-admin have access.

To extend the process action definition file, identify the processes to which users should have access, and specify the qualifying authorization roles. For example, if you want to allow access to users with a role of ldap, add the following code block to the process-access.json file:

{
    "propertiesCheck" : {
        "property" : "_id",
        "matches" : ".*",
        "requiresRole" : "ldap"
    }
}

To configure multiple roles with access to the same workflow process, simply add additional propertiesCheck objects. The following example grants access to users with a role of doctor and nurse to the same workflows:

{
     "propertiesCheck" : {
          "property" : "_id",
          "matches" : ".*",
          "requiresRole" : "doctor"
     }
},
{
     "propertiesCheck" : {
          "property" : "_id",
          "matches" : ".*",
          "requiresRole" : "nurse"
     }
}
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