ServiceNow Connector

This connector enables you to manage objects in the ServiceNow platform, integrating with ServiceNow's REST API. The connector is bundled with IDM in the connectors/ directory (servicenow-connector-1.5.5.0.jar).

Before You Start

The connector requires a ServiceNow instance with OAuth enabled. You might need to activate the OAuth plugin and set the OAuth activation property if OAuth is not yet enabled on your ServiceNow instance. For more information, see the ServiceNow documentation that corresponds to your ServiceNow version.

When Oauth is enabled, register an OAuth client application for the connection to IDM. Take note of the client_id and client_secret of the application, as you need these values when you configure the connector.

The connector configuration must include a ServiceNow user who has the following roles:

  • admin

  • rest_api_explorer

If you do not want to give complete admin rights to this user, you can create a new role that provides access to the following tables:

  • sys_user_has_role

  • sys_user_grmember

  • sys_user_delegate

  • sys_user_role

  • sys_user_group

  • core_company

  • cmn_department

  • cmn_cost_center

  • cmn_location

Configuring the Connector

The easiest way to configure the ServiceNow connector is through the Admin UI:

  1. Select Configure > Connectors > New Connector.

  2. Enter a name for the connector configuration, for example, serviceNow.

  3. Select ServiceNow Connector - 1.5.5.0 as the Connector Type.

  4. Enable the connector, and set the properties that specify the connection to your ServiceNow instance:

    instance (string)

    The ServiceNow instance URL, for example example.service-now.com/.

    username (string)

    The name of a ServiceNow user with the admin and rest_api_explorer roles.

    password (string)

    The password of the ServiceNow user.

    clientID (string)

    The ID of your OAuth application.

    clientSecret (string)

    The client secret of your OAuth application.

The UI creates the corresponding provisioner file for the connector in your project's conf/ directory. The following excerpt of a sample provisioner file shows the required configurationProperties:

"configurationProperties" : {
    "instance" : "example.service-now.com/",
    "username" : "admin",
    "password" : {encrypted-password},
    "clientID" : "4xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxee",
    "clientSecret" : {encrypted-client-secret},
    "readSchema" : false
}

IDM encrypts the value of the password and clientSecret on startup.

When your connector is configured correctly, you can test its status by running the following command:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request POST \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system?_action=test"
[
  {
    "name": "serviceNow",
    "enabled": true,
    "config": "config/provisioner.openicf/serviceNow",
    "connectorRef": {
      "bundleVersion": "1.5.5.0",
      "bundleName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.servicenow-connector",
      "connectorName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.servicenow.ServiceNowConnector"
    },
    "displayName": "ServiceNow Connector",
    "objectTypes": [
      "delegate",
      "role",
      "__ALL__",
      "costCenter",
      "location",
      "company",
      "userHasGroup",
      "department",
      "user",
      "userHasRole",
      "group"
    ],
    "ok": true
  }
]

A status of "ok": true indicates that the ServiceNow connector can reach the configured resource provider.

Managing Users With the ServiceNow Connector

The following sample queries demonstrate the basic CRUD operations using the ServiceNow connector.

Querying All ServiceNow Users
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user?_queryId=query-all-ids"
{
  "result": [
    {
      "_id": "02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d3f",
      "__NAME__": "lucius.bagnoli@example.com"
    },
    {
      "_id": "02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d55",
      "__NAME__": "jimmie.barninger@example.com"
    },
    {
      "_id": "02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d5e",
      "__NAME__": "melinda.carleton@example.com"
    },
...
  ],
  "resultCount": 578,
  "pagedResultsCookie": null,
  "totalPagedResultsPolicy": "NONE",
  "totalPagedResults": -1,
  "remainingPagedResults": -1
}

Querying a Single ServiceNow User
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user/02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d3f"
{
  "_id": "02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d3f",
  "internal_integration_user": false,
  "department": "5d7f17f03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d43",
  "sys_mod_count": "5",
  "location": "0002c0a93790200044e0bfc8bcbe5df5",
  "web_service_access_only": false,
  "sys_updated_on": "2018-02-25 16:42:47",
  "sys_domain": "global",
  "notification": "2",
  "sys_created_by": "admin",
  "locked_out": "false",
  "__NAME__": "lucius.bagnoli@example.com",
  "company": "81fd65ecac1d55eb42a426568fc87a63",
  "sys_domain_path": "/",
  "password_needs_reset": "false",
  "active": "true",
  "gender": "Male",
  "sys_created_on": "2012-02-18 03:04:49",
  "sys_class_name": "sys_user",
  "calendar_integration": "1",
  "email": "lucius.bagnoli@example.com",
  "sys_id": "02826bf03710200044e0bfc8bcbe5d3f",
  "user_password": "md5230ls7L",
  "user_name": "lucius.bagnoli",
  "sys_updated_by": "developer.program@snc",
  "vip": "false",
  "last_name": "Bagnoli",
  "first_name": "Lucius"
}

Creating a ServiceNow User
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--request POST \
--data '{
  "__NAME__": "bjensen@example.com",
  "first_name": "Barbara",
  "last_name": "Jensen",
  "email": "bjensen@example.com",
  "phone": "555-123-1234"
}' \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user?_action=create"
{
  "_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_mod_count": "0",
  "password_needs_reset": "false",
  "notification": "2",
  "locked_out": "false",
  "phone": "555-123-1234",
  "sys_created_on": "2018-02-27 13:33:38",
  "first_name": "Barbara",
  "email": "bjensen@example.com",
  "active": "true",
  "sys_domain": "global",
  "calendar_integration": "1",
  "web_service_access_only": false,
  "vip": "false",
  "sys_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_updated_on": "2018-02-27 13:33:38",
  "sys_domain_path": "/",
  "sys_created_by": "admin",
  "sys_class_name": "sys_user",
  "last_name": "Jensen",
  "__NAME__": "bjensen@example.com",
  "sys_updated_by": "admin",
  "internal_integration_user": false
}

Updating a ServiceNow User
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "If-Match:*" \
--request PUT \
--data '{
  "__NAME__": "bjensen@example.com",
  "first_name": "Barbara",
  "last_name": "Jensen",
  "email": "bjensen@example.com",
  "phone": "555-000-0000"
}' \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user/4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a"
{
  "_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_mod_count": "1",
  "password_needs_reset": "false",
  "notification": "2",
  "locked_out": "false",
  "phone": "555-000-0000",
  "sys_created_on": "2018-02-27 13:33:38",
  "first_name": "Barbara",
  "email": "bjensen@example.com",
  "active": "true",
  "sys_domain": "global",
  "calendar_integration": "1",
  "web_service_access_only": false,
  "vip": "false",
  "sys_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_updated_on": "2018-02-27 13:35:32",
  "sys_domain_path": "/",
  "sys_created_by": "admin",
  "sys_class_name": "sys_user",
  "last_name": "Jensen",
  "__NAME__": "bjensen@example.com",
  "sys_updated_by": "admin",
  "internal_integration_user": false
}

Deleting a ServiceNow User
curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--header "If-Match:*" \
--request DELETE \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user/4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a"
{
  "_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_mod_count": "1",
  "password_needs_reset": "false",
  "notification": "2",
  "locked_out": "false",
  "phone": "555-000-0000",
  "sys_created_on": "2018-02-27 13:33:38",
  "first_name": "Barbara",
  "email": "bjensen@example.com",
  "active": "true",
  "sys_domain": "global",
  "calendar_integration": "1",
  "web_service_access_only": false,
  "vip": "false",
  "sys_id": "4116e0690fa01300f6af65ba32050e7a",
  "sys_updated_on": "2018-02-27 13:35:32",
  "sys_domain_path": "/",
  "sys_created_by": "admin",
  "sys_class_name": "sys_user",
  "last_name": "Jensen",
  "__NAME__": "bjensen@example.com",
  "sys_updated_by": "admin",
  "internal_integration_user": false
}

Synchronizing ServiceNow Users

The ServiceNow connector supports bidirectional reconciliation and liveSync. To set up user synchronization, specify a mapping between managed users and ServiceNow users. For more information, see Mapping Data Between Resources.

The following example assumes that you have configured a mapping. The example runs a reconciliation operation from ServiceNow to the managed user repository:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request POST \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/recon?_action=recon&mapping=systemServicenowUser_managedUser"
{
  "_id": "19755e51-5c3b-4362-b316-601856cb282c-13624",
  "state": "ACTIVE"
}

The following example runs a liveSync operation from ServiceNow to the managed user repository:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request POST \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/serviceNow/user?_action=liveSync"
{
  "connectorData": {
    "nativeType": "string",
    "syncToken": "2018-02-275 11:29:15"
  },
  "_rev": "0000000031285d9b",
  "_id": "SYSTEMSERVICENOWUSER"
}

Note

The ServiceNow connector does not support the __ALL__ object type so you must specify the object type (for example, User) in your liveSync operation.


Implementation Specifics

For PATCH requests, a connector can potentially add, remove, or replace an attribute value. The ServiceNow connector does not implement the add or remove operations, so a PATCH request always replaces the entire attribute value with the new value.

OpenICF Interfaces Implemented by the ServiceNow Connector

The ServiceNow Connector implements the following OpenICF interfaces.

Create

Creates an object and its uid.

Delete

Deletes an object, referenced by its uid.

Schema

Describes the object types, operations, and options that the connector supports.

Script on Connector

Enables an application to run a script in the context of the connector. Any script that runs on the connector has the following characteristics:

  • The script runs in the same execution environment as the connector and has access to all the classes to which the connector has access.

  • The script has access to a connector variable that is equivalent to an initialized instance of the connector. At a minimum, the script can access the connector configuration.

  • The script has access to any script-arguments passed in by the application.

Search

Searches the target resource for all objects that match the specified object class and filter.

Sync

Polls the target resource for synchronization events, that is, native changes to objects on the target resource.

Test

Tests the connector configuration. Testing a configuration checks all elements of the environment that are referred to by the configuration are available. For example, the connector might make a physical connection to a host that is specified in the configuration to verify that it exists and that the credentials that are specified in the configuration are valid.

This operation might need to connect to a resource, and, as such, might take some time. Do not invoke this operation too often, such as before every provisioning operation. The test operation is not intended to check that the connector is alive (that is, that its physical connection to the resource has not timed out).

You can invoke the test operation before a connector configuration has been validated.

Update

Updates (modifies or replaces) objects on a target resource.

ServiceNow Connector Configuration

The ServiceNow Connector has the following configurable properties.

Basic configuration properties Properties

PropertyTypeDefault Encrypted [a] Required [b]
instance String null

URL of the ServiceNow instance, for example: dev00000.service-now.com

username String null

An API user in ServiceNow that can consume the REST API

password GuardedString null

Password for the user

clientID String null

Client ID of the OAuth application in ServiceNow

clientSecret GuardedString null

Client Secret for the preceding Client ID

pageSize int 100

Default page size

[a] Indicates whether the property value is considered confidential, and therefore encrypted in OpenIDM.

[b] A list of operations in this column indicates that the property is required for those operations.

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