MS Graph API Java Connector

The MS Graph API Java connector uses the MS Graph SDK for Java and the Authentication Providers for the MS Graph Java SDK. Unlike the PowerShell connector for Azure, the MS Graph API connector is a Java connector, and does not need a .NET RCS to run. As a Java connector, the MS Graph API connector functions like any standard IDM connector.

The MS Graph API connector can read, search, and fetch data from Microsoft Azure, when Azure is the authoritative data source, and can provision to Azure, when IDM is the authoritative data source.

The MS Graph API connector is available from the ForgeRock Download Center. The connector bundles all its dependencies.

Before You Start

Before you can use the connector, you must register an application with Azure. You need a Microsoft Azure subscription to complete this procedure:

  1. Log in to the MS Azure portal as an administrative user.

  2. Under Azure services, select App registrations.

  3. On the Register an application page, enter a name for the application; for example, FR-Connector.

    Select the supported account types, and enter a Redirect URI. The redirect URI is the IDM URI that Azure should redirect to after successful authentication; for example, https://idm.example.com:8443/.

  4. On the new registration page for your application, make a note of the Application (client) ID and the Directory (tenant) ID. You will need these to configure the connector:

    Client ID and Tenant ID for new connector application
  5. Generate a client secret:

    1. Select Certificates & secrets > New client secret.

    2. Enter a description, select an expiry date, and click Add.

    3. Copy the client secret Value:

      Get the client secret

      Important

      You will not be able to retrieve the client secret in cleartext after you exit this screen.

  6. Set the API permissions:

    1. Select API permissions, click Microsoft Graph, then click Application permissions.

      Set API permissions
    2. From the User item, select the following permissions:

      • User.Export.All

      • User.ManageIdentities.All

      • User.Read.All

      • User.ReadWrite.All

    3. From the Group item, select the following permissions:

      • Group.Create

      • Group.Read.All

      • Group.ReadWrite.All

    4. From the Directory item, select the following permissions:

      • Directory.Read.All

      • Directory.ReadWrite.All

    5. Click Add permissions.

  7. Grant admin consent for the API permissions:

    On the Configured permissions page, Grant admin consent for org-name, then click Yes.

    Grant admin consent for the API permissions

Install and Configure the MS Graph API Connector

  1. Download the MS Graph API connector .jar file from the ForgeRock Download Center, and move it to the openidm/connectors directory:

    mv ~/Downloads/msgraphapi-connector-${connectorsVersion}.jar /path/to/openidm/connectors
  2. Create a configuration for the connector.

    Currently, you cannot configure the MS Graph API connector through the UI. Configure the connector over REST, as described in "Creating Connector Configurations Over REST".

    Alternatively, copy this sample connector configuration file to your project's conf directory.

    Set at least the Azure tenant, clientId and clientSecret in the configurationProperties. For example:

    "configurationProperties" : {
        "tenant" : "your tenant ID",
        "clientId" : "your client ID",
        "clientSecret" : "your client secret"
    }

Test the MS Graph API Connector

Start IDM, if it is not running. Then use these examples to test that the connector is configured correctly and operating as expected:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request POST \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system?_action=test"
[
  {
    "name": "msgraph",
    "enabled": true,
    "config": "config/provisioner.openicf/msgraph",
    "connectorRef": {
      "bundleVersion": "[1.5.0.0,1.6.0.0]",
      "bundleName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.msgraphapi-connector",
      "connectorName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.msgraphapi.MSGraphAPIConnector"
    },
    "displayName": "MSGraphAPI Connector",
    "objectTypes": [
      "user",
      "__ALL__",
      "group"
    ],
    "ok": true
  }
]

A status of "ok": true indicates that the connector is configured correctly.

This command retrieves a list of users in your Azure tenant. You can also use any system-enabled filter, such as those described in "Construct Queries":

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/msgraph/user?_queryId=query-all-ids"
{
  "result": [
    {
      "_id": "c48be8cc-5846-4059-95e8-a7acbf6aec31"
    },
    {
      "_id": "c7fe57e2-3159-45e1-b67a-435232fd88d9"
    },
    {
      "_id": "9e714b5c-345a-430c-93f5-d8c6f9a2f225"
    },
    ...
  ],
  ...
}

This command retrieves a specific user entry from your Azure tenant:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/msgraph/user/c48be8cc-5846-4059-95e8-a7acbf6aec31"
{
  "_id": "c48be8cc-5846-4059-95e8-a7acbf6aec31",
  "surname": "Jensen",
  "displayName": "Babs Jensen",
  "memberOf": [
    "036f288c-6f71-41ae-9d09-6a68c8ba315b"
  ],
  "mail": "babs.jensen@example.onmicrosoft.com",
  "onPremisesExtensionAttributes": {
    ...
  },
  "usageLocation": "FR",
  "userType": "Member",
  "identities": [
    {
      "signInType": "userPrincipalName",
      "issuerAssignedId": "00991235@example.onmicrosoft.com",
      "issuer": "example.onmicrosoft.com"
    }
  ],
  "businessPhones": [],
  "createdDateTime": "2020-11-20T11:09:15Z",
  "accountEnabled": true,
  "userPrincipalName": "00991235@example.onmicrosoft.com",
  "proxyAddresses": [
    "smtp:00991235@example.onmicrosoft.com",
    "SMTP:babs.jensen@example.onmicrosoft.com"
  ],
  "imAddresses": [],
  "passwordPolicies": "None",
  "mailNickname": "00991235",
  "givenName": "Babs",
  "__NAME__": "00991235@example.onmicrosoft.com"
}

This command creates a new user in your Azure tenant:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request POST \
--header "content-type: application/json" \
--data '{
  "surname": "Carter",
  "displayName": "Steve Carter",
  "givenName": "Steve",
  "userType": "Member",
  "accountEnabled": true,
  "mailNickname": "00654321",
  "userPrincipalName": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com",
  "__PASSWORD__": "MyPassw0rd"
}' \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/msgraph/user?_action=create"
{
  "_id": "9fa6c765-0872-45f6-8714-1dcd1ed94859",
  "surname": "Carter",
  "displayName": "Steve Carter",
  "memberOf": [],
  "onPremisesExtensionAttributes": {
    "extensionAttribute14": null,
    ...
  },
  "userType": "Member",
  "identities": [
    {
      "signInType": "userPrincipalName",
      "issuerAssignedId": "00654321@example.onmicrosoft.com",
      "issuer": "example.onmicrosoft.com"
    }
  ],
  "businessPhones": [],
  "createdDateTime": "2020-12-18T13:23:58Z",
  "accountEnabled": true,
  "userPrincipalName": "00654321@example.onmicrosoft.com",
  "proxyAddresses": [],
  "imAddresses": [],
  "mailNickname": "00654321",
  "givenName": "Steve",
  "__NAME__": "00654321@example.onmicrosoft.com"
}

This command changes the password for the user created previously:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request PATCH \
--header "content-type: application/json" \
--data '[ {
  "operation": "replace",
  "field": "__PASSWORD__",
  "value": "MyNewPassw0rd"
} ]' \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/msgraph/user/9fa6c765-0872-45f6-8714-1dcd1ed94859"
{
  "_id": "9fa6c765-0872-45f6-8714-1dcd1ed94859",
  "surname": "Carter",
  "displayName": "Steve Carter",
  "memberOf": [],
  "onPremisesExtensionAttributes": {
    "extensionAttribute14": null,
    ...
  },
  "userType": "Member",
  "identities": [
    {
      "signInType": "userPrincipalName",
      "issuerAssignedId": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com",
      "issuer": "forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com"
    }
  ],
  "businessPhones": [],
  "createdDateTime": "2020-12-18T13:23:58Z",
  "accountEnabled": true,
  "userPrincipalName": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com",
  "proxyAddresses": [],
  "imAddresses": [],
  "mailNickname": "00654321",
  "givenName": "Steve",
  "__NAME__": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com"
}   

This command deletes the user created previously:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request DELETE \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/msgraph/user/9fa6c765-0872-45f6-8714-1dcd1ed94859"
{
  "_id": "9fa6c765-0872-45f6-8714-1dcd1ed94859",
  "surname": "Carter",
  "displayName": "Steve Carter",
  "memberOf": [],
  "onPremisesExtensionAttributes": {
    "extensionAttribute14": null,
    ...
  },
  "userType": "Member",
  "identities": [
    {
      "signInType": "userPrincipalName",
      "issuerAssignedId": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com",
      "issuer": "forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com"
    }
  ],
  "businessPhones": [],
  "createdDateTime": "2020-12-18T13:23:58Z",
  "accountEnabled": true,
  "userPrincipalName": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com",
  "proxyAddresses": [],
  "imAddresses": [],
  "mailNickname": "00654321",
  "givenName": "Steve",
  "__NAME__": "00654321@forgedemo.onmicrosoft.com"
}

Synchronize Accounts Between IDM and Azure

To use the MS Graph API connector to synchronize accounts between IDM and Azure, set up a mapping between the two data stores.

You can use this sample mapping as a starting point.

OpenICF Interfaces Implemented by the MSGraphAPI Connector

The MSGraphAPI Connector implements the following OpenICF interfaces.

Create

Creates an object and its uid.

Delete

Deletes an object, referenced by its uid.

Schema

Describes the object types, operations, and options that the connector supports.

Script on Connector

Enables an application to run a script in the context of the connector. Any script that runs on the connector has the following characteristics:

  • The script runs in the same execution environment as the connector and has access to all the classes to which the connector has access.

  • The script has access to a connector variable that is equivalent to an initialized instance of the connector. At a minimum, the script can access the connector configuration.

  • The script has access to any script-arguments passed in by the application.

Search

Searches the target resource for all objects that match the specified object class and filter.

Sync

Polls the target resource for synchronization events, that is, native changes to objects on the target resource.

Test

Tests the connector configuration. Testing a configuration checks all elements of the environment that are referred to by the configuration are available. For example, the connector might make a physical connection to a host that is specified in the configuration to verify that it exists and that the credentials that are specified in the configuration are valid.

This operation might need to connect to a resource, and, as such, might take some time. Do not invoke this operation too often, such as before every provisioning operation. The test operation is not intended to check that the connector is alive (that is, that its physical connection to the resource has not timed out).

You can invoke the test operation before a connector configuration has been validated.

Update

Updates (modifies or replaces) objects on a target resource.

MSGraphAPI Connector Configuration

The MSGraphAPI Connector has the following configurable properties.

Basic Configuration Properties Properties

PropertyTypeDefault Encrypted [a] Required [b]
tenant String null

The Azure AD tenant name or id

clientId String null

The clientID used by the connector during the OAuth flow

clientSecret GuardedString null

The client secret used by the connector during the OAuth flow

httpProxyHost String null

The Http proxy host

httpProxyPort Integer null

The Http proxy port

httpProxyUsername String null

The Http proxy user name

httpProxyPassword GuardedString null

The Http proxy user password

performHardDelete boolean true

If set to true, the Azure object will be deleted permanently on delete operation.

readRateLimit String null

Define throttling for read operations either per seconds ("30/sec") or per minute ("100/min").

writeRateLimit String null

Define throttling for write operations (create/update/delete) either per second ("30/sec") or per minute ("100/min").

[a] Indicates whether the property value is considered confidential, and therefore encrypted in OpenIDM.

[b] A list of operations in this column indicates that the property is required for those operations.

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