PingGateway 2024.6


Routes are JSON-encoded configuration files that you add to PingGateway to manage requests. You can add routes in the following ways:

  • Manually into the filesystem.

  • Through Common REST commands. For information, refer to Routes and Common REST.

  • Through Studio. For information, refer to the Studio guide.

Routes handle requests and their context, and then hand off any request they accept to a Handler.

When a route has a condition, it handles only requests that meet the condition. When a route has no condition, it handles any request.

Routes inherit settings from their parent configuration. This means that you can configure global objects in the config.json heap, for example, and then reference the objects by name in any other PingGateway configuration.

Learn about Route metrics:


  "handler": Handler reference,
  "heap": [ object, ... ],
  "condition": runtime expression<boolean>,
  "name": string,
  "session": AsyncSessionManager reference,
  "auditService": AuditService reference,
  "globalDecorators": map,
  "decorator name": Decorator object



"handler": Handler reference, required

The Handler to which PingGateway dispaches requests.

Provide the name of a Handler object defined in the heap or an inline Handler configuration object.

"heap": array of objects, optional

Heap object configuration for objects local to this route.

Objects referenced but not defined here are inherited from the parent.

You can omit an empty array. If you only have one object in the heap, you can inline it as the handler value.

See also Heap objects.

"condition": runtime expression<boolean>, optional

A condition based on the request, context, or PingGateway runtime environment, such as system properties or environment variables.

  • true: The request is dispatched to the route.

  • false: The condition for the next route in the configuration is evaluated.

  • No condition: the request is dispatched unconditionally to the route.

For debugging, log the routes for which PingGateway evaluates a condition, and the route that matches a condition. Add the following line to a custom $HOME/.openig/config/logback.xml, and restart PingGateway:

<logger name="org.forgerock.openig.handler.router.RouterHandler" level="trace" />

For information, refer to Manage logs.

An external request can never match a condition that uses the reserved administrative route. Therefore, routes that use these conditions are effectively ignored. For example, if /openig is the administrative route, a route with the following condition is ignored: ${find(request.uri.path, '^/openig/my/path')}.

Default: ${true}

For example conditions and requests that match them, refer to Example.

"name": string, optional

Route name.

The Router uses the name property to order the routes in the configuration. If the route does not have a name property, the Router uses the route ID.

The route ID is managed as follows:

  • When you add a route manually to the routes folder, the route ID is the value of the _id field. If there is no _id field, the route ID is the filename of the added route.

  • When you add a route through the Common REST endpoint, the route ID is the value of the mandatory _id field.

  • When you add a route through Studio, you can edit the default route ID.

    CAUTION: The filename of a route cannot be default.json. The route name property or route ID cannot be default.

Default: route ID

"session": AsyncSessionManager reference. reference, optional

Stateless session implementation for this route. Define an AuthenticatedEncryptedJwtSessionManager object inline or in the heap.

When a request enters the route, PingGateway builds a new session object for the route. The session content is available to the route’s downstream handlers and filters. Session content available in the ascending configuration (a parent route or config.json) is not available in the new session.

When the response exits the route, the session content is serialized as a secure JWT that is encrypted and signed, and the resulting JWT string is placed in a cookie. Session information set inside the route is no longer available. The session references the previous session object.

Default: Do not change the session storage implementation.

For more information, refer to AsyncSessionManager, and Sessions.

"auditService": AuditService reference, optional

An audit service for the route. Provide either the name of an AuditService object defined in the heap or an inline AuditService configuration object.

Default: No auditing of a configuration. The NoOpAuditService provides an empty audit service to the top-level heap and its child routes.

"globalDecorators": map, optional

A map of one or more data pairs with the format Map<String, JsonValue>, where:

  • The key is a decorator name

  • The value is a decorator configuration, passed as is to the decorator

The following format is required:

  "globalDecorators": {
    "decorator name": "decoration configuration",

All compatible objects in a route are decorated with the mapped decorator value. For more information, refer to Decorators.

In the following example, the property decorates all compatible objects in the route with a capture and timer decorator:

"globalDecorators": {
  "capture": "all",
  "timer": true

Default: Empty

"decorator name": Decorator object, optional

Decorate the main handler of this route with a decorator referred to by the decorator name, and provide the configuration as described in Decorators.

Default: No decoration.


The following table gives examples of route conditions and matching requests.

Condition Requests that meet the condition

All requests, because this expression always evaluates to true.

"${find(request.uri.path, '^/login')}", . . .

"${ == ''}",,, . . .

"${find(contexts.client.remoteAddress, '')}"

http://localhost:8080/keygen,, . . .

Where /keygen is not mandatory and could be anything else.

"${find(request.uri.query, 'demo=simple')}", . . .

For information about URI query, refer to query in URI.

"${request.uri.scheme == 'http'}", . . .

"${find(request.uri.path, '^/dispatch') or find(request.uri.path, '^/mylogin')}",, . . .

"${ == '' and not find(request.uri.path, '^/saml')}",, . . .

Not,, . . .

"condition": "${find (request.uri.path, '&{uriPath}')}", when the following property is configured:

  "properties": {
    "uriPath": "hello"

For information about including properties in the configuration, refer to Route properties.

"condition": "${request.headers['X-Forwarded-Host'][0] == ''}"

Requests with the header X-Forwarded-Host, whose first value is

"condition": "#{find(request.uri.path, '^/openam/oauth2/access_token') && request.entity.form['client_id'][0] == 'client-service'}"

Requests where an OAuth 2.0 client named client-service issues the original access token request.

"condition": "#{find(request.uri.path, '^/openam/oauth2/access_token') && request.entity.form['grant_type'][0] == 'client_credentials'}"

Requests using the client credentials grant-type.

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