DS 7.4.0

Actions

Examples in this documentation depend on features activated in the ds-evaluation setup profile. For details, refer to Learn about the evaluation setup profile.

The code samples demonstrate how to contact the server over HTTPS using the deployment CA certificate. Before trying the samples, generate the CA certificate in PEM format from the server deployment ID and password:

$ dskeymgr \
 export-ca-cert \
 --deploymentId $DEPLOYMENT_ID \
 --deploymentIdPassword password \
 --outputFile ca-cert.pem

Change your password

This action requires HTTPS to avoid sending the password over an insecure connection.

Use HTTPS POST with _action=modifyPassword in the query string and a JSON object with the old and new passwords in the following fields:

oldPassword

The value of this field is the current password as a UTF-8 string.

newPassword

The value of this field is the new password as a UTF-8 string.

On success, the HTTP status code is 200 OK, and the response body is an empty JSON resource:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen:hifalutin \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --data '{"oldPassword": "hifalutin", "newPassword": "chngthspwd"}' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_action=modifyPassword'
{}

Check password quality

Use the passwordQualityAdvice and dryRun query string parameters to get details when a password update fails, to test passwords, and to test password policies:

  • The passwordQualityAdvice parameter relies on the LDAP password quality advice control, OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.36733.2.1.5.5. Users modifying their password must have access to request the control.

    The password quality advice control and the passwordQualityAdvice parameter have interface stability: Evolving.

  • The dryRun parameter relies on the LDAP no-op control, OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.4203.1.10.2.

The following example shows a password update failure. The status code is HTTP 400 Bad Request and the response JSON describes what passed and what failed:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen:hifalutin \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --data '{"oldPassword": "hifalutin", "newPassword": "t00shrt"}' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_action=modifyPassword&passwordQualityAdvice=true&dryRun=true'
{
  "code" : 400,
  "reason" : "Bad Request",
  "message" : "Constraint Violation: The provided new password failed the validation checks defined in the server: The provided password is shorter than the minimum required length of 8 characters",
  "detail" : {
    "passwordQualityAdvice" : {
      "attributeType" : "userPassword",
      "failingCriteria" : [ {
        "parameters" : {
          "max-password-length" : 0,
          "min-password-length" : 8
        },
        "type" : "length-based"
      } ],
      "passingCriteria" : [ {
        "parameters" : {
          "case-sensitive-validation" : false,
          "check-substrings" : true,
          "min-substring-length" : 5,
          "test-reversed-password" : false
        },
        "type" : "dictionary"
      } ]
    }
  }
}

"max-password-length" : 0 means DS does not enforce an upper bound.

You can use passwordQualityAdvice without the dryRun parameter. On failure, you get diagnostic information as shown in the preceding example. On success, the HTTP status code is 200 OK and the response body is an empty JSON resource.

Reset a password

When one user changes another user’s password, DS considers it a password reset. Password policies can require users to change their passwords again after a password reset.

This action requires HTTPS to avoid sending the password over an insecure connection.

Use HTTPS POST with _action=resetPassword in the query string and an empty JSON document ({}) as the POST data.

The following example demonstrates a password administrator changing a user’s password. The password administrator must have the password-reset privilege; otherwise, the reset fails due to insufficient access:

$ curl \
 --request PATCH \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --user uid=admin:password \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --data '[{
  "operation": "add",
  "field": "ds-privilege-name",
  "value": "password-reset"
 }]' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan?_prettyPrint=true'

On success, the HTTP status code is 200 OK. The response body is a JSON resource with a generatedPassword containing the new password:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan:bribery \
 --header "Content-Type: application/json" \
 --data '{}' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_action=resetPassword'
{"generatedPassword":"<new-password>"}

The password administrator must communicate the generated password to the user.

Use this in combination with a password policy to force the user to change their password again after a reset.

Account usability action

Use the accountUsability action to get details about a user’s ability to authenticate.

  • The action depends on the LDAP Account usability control, which has OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.42.2.27.9.5.8.

  • The password administrator must have access to use the LDAP control.

Try the accountUsability action:

  1. Grant the password administrator permission to use the control.

    The following example sets a global ACI for Kirsten Vaughan:

    $ dsconfig \
     set-access-control-handler-prop \
     --hostname localhost \
     --port 4444 \
     --bindDN uid=admin \
     --bindPassword password \
     --add global-aci:"(targetcontrol=\"AccountUsability\")(version 3.0; acl \"Account usability access\"; allow(read) userdn=\"ldap:///uid=kvaughan,ou=People,dc=example,dc=com\";)" \
     --usePkcs12TrustStore /path/to/opendj/config/keystore \
     --trustStorePassword:file /path/to/opendj/config/keystore.pin \
     --no-prompt
  2. Use a password policy that produces results for account usability:

    $ curl \
     --request POST \
     --user uid=admin:password \
     --cacert ca-cert.pem \
     --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
     --data '{
      "_id": "dc=com/dc=example/cn=Lockout%20with%20max%20age%20and%20grace%20logins",
      "objectClass": ["top", "subentry", "ds-pwp-password-policy"],
      "cn": ["Lockout with max age and grace logins"],
      "ds-pwp-default-password-storage-scheme": ["PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA256"],
      "ds-pwp-grace-login-count": 3,
      "ds-pwp-lockout-duration": "5 m",
      "ds-pwp-lockout-failure-count": 3,
      "ds-pwp-lockout-failure-expiration-interval": "10 m",
      "ds-pwp-max-password-age": "30 d",
      "ds-pwp-password-attribute": "userPassword",
      "subtreeSpecification": { "base": "ou=people", "filter": "/uid eq \"bjensen\"" }
     }' \
     'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example?_action=create'
  3. Produce some account usability information on a user account:

    $ curl \
     --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen:wrong-password \
     --cacert ca-cert.pem \
     'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_fields=_id'
    
    $ curl \
     --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen:wrong-password \
     --cacert ca-cert.pem \
     'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_fields=_id'
    
    $ curl \
     --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen:wrong-password \
     --cacert ca-cert.pem \
     'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_fields=_id'
  4. Use the action to get account usability information:

    $ curl \
     --request POST \
     --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan:bribery \
     --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
     --cacert ca-cert.pem \
     --data '{}' \
     'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_action=accountUsability'
    {"status":"locked","unlockIn":299}

The JSON response can contain the following fields. The status property is always present. The other fields are present if they apply:

{
  "status": "string",              // One of "disabled", "locked", "passwordExpired",
                                   // "mustChangePassword", or "valid"
  "unlockIn": number,              // Seconds until locked account is unlocked
  "graceLoginsRemaining": number,  // Number of remaining authentications allowed with
                                   // an expired password
  "passwordExpiresIn": number,     // Seconds until password expires
}

Get JSON schema

Use the schema action to get the JSON schema for a resource.

Perform an HTTP POST with _action=schema in the query string and an empty JSON document ({}) as the POST data:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan:bribery \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --data '{}' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=bjensen?_action=schema&_prettyPrint=true'
Show output
{
  "type" : "object",
  "properties" : {
    "objectClass" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      },
      "const" : [ "top", "person", "cos", "oauth2TokenObject", "organizationalPerson", "inetOrgPerson", "posixAccount" ]
    },
    "sn" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "cn" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "telephoneNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "seeAlso" : {
      "supertype" : "distinguishedName",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "format" : "json-pointer"
      }
    },
    "userPassword" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "description" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "classOfService" : {
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "diskQuota" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "mailQuota" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "oauth2Token" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "object"
      }
    },
    "telexNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "teletexTerminalIdentifier" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "ou" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "internationaliSDNNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "registeredAddress" : {
      "supertype" : "postalAddress",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "array",
        "items" : {
          "type" : "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "title" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "facsimileTelephoneNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "x121Address" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "postOfficeBox" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "street" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "physicalDeliveryOfficeName" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "destinationIndicator" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "postalAddress" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "array",
        "items" : {
          "type" : "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "st" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "preferredDeliveryMethod" : {
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "postalCode" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "l" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "preferredLanguage" : {
      "description" : "preferred written or spoken language for a person",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "departmentNumber" : {
      "description" : "identifies a department within an organization",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "o" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "carLicense" : {
      "description" : "vehicle license or registration plate",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "secretary" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "format" : "json-pointer"
      }
    },
    "employeeType" : {
      "description" : "type of employment for a person",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "homePhone" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "pager" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "employeeNumber" : {
      "description" : "numerically identifies an employee within an organization",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "mobile" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "userPKCS12" : {
      "description" : "PKCS #12 PFX PDU for exchange of personal identity information",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "userCertificate" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "businessCategory" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "userSMIMECertificate" : {
      "description" : "PKCS#7 SignedData used to support S/MIME",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "mail" : {
      "description" : "The email address, including internationalized addresses (changed from the standard which only allowed ascii)",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "roomNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "audio" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "initials" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "manager" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "format" : "json-pointer"
      }
    },
    "photo" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "givenName" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "homePostalAddress" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "array",
        "items" : {
          "type" : "string"
        }
      }
    },
    "displayName" : {
      "description" : "preferred name of a person to be used when displaying entries",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "labeledURI" : {
      "description" : "Uniform Resource Identifier with optional label",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "jpegPhoto" : {
      "description" : "a JPEG image",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "contentEncoding" : "base64"
      }
    },
    "x500UniqueIdentifier" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "uid" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "homeDirectory" : {
      "description" : "The absolute path to the home directory",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "gidNumber" : {
      "description" : "An integer uniquely identifying a group in an administrative domain",
      "type" : "integer"
    },
    "uidNumber" : {
      "description" : "An integer uniquely identifying a user in an administrative domain",
      "type" : "integer"
    },
    "loginShell" : {
      "description" : "The path to the login shell",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "authPassword" : {
      "description" : "password authentication information",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "gecos" : {
      "description" : "The GECOS field; the common name",
      "type" : "string"
    }
  },
  "requiredProperties" : [ "cn", "gidNumber", "homeDirectory", "objectClass", "sn", "uid", "uidNumber" ],
  "additionalProperties" : false
}

If you haven’t yet created a resource, you get the JSON schema for the resource to create from the parent resource by specifying the LDAP object classes for the new resource. Use the schema action and a comma-separated list of object classes as the value of an objectClasses parameter:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan:bribery \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --data '{}' \
'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People?_action=schema&objectClasses=person,posixAccount&_prettyPrint=true'
Show output
{
  "type" : "object",
  "properties" : {
    "objectClass" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      },
      "const" : [ "top", "person", "posixAccount" ]
    },
    "sn" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "cn" : {
      "supertype" : "name",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "telephoneNumber" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "seeAlso" : {
      "supertype" : "distinguishedName",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string",
        "format" : "json-pointer"
      }
    },
    "userPassword" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "description" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "homeDirectory" : {
      "description" : "The absolute path to the home directory",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "gidNumber" : {
      "description" : "An integer uniquely identifying a group in an administrative domain",
      "type" : "integer"
    },
    "uidNumber" : {
      "description" : "An integer uniquely identifying a user in an administrative domain",
      "type" : "integer"
    },
    "uid" : {
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "loginShell" : {
      "description" : "The path to the login shell",
      "type" : "string"
    },
    "authPassword" : {
      "description" : "password authentication information",
      "type" : "array",
      "uniqueItems" : true,
      "items" : {
        "type" : "string"
      }
    },
    "gecos" : {
      "description" : "The GECOS field; the common name",
      "type" : "string"
    }
  },
  "requiredProperties" : [ "cn", "gidNumber", "homeDirectory", "objectClass", "sn", "uid", "uidNumber" ],
  "additionalProperties" : false
}

You can also read the schema for an individual field or object class directly as described in the reference for HDAP schema.

Rename a resource

Use the rename action to change a resource’s _id. This effectively moves the resource.

Perform an HTTP POST with _action=rename in the query string and the newId in the POST data:

$ curl \
 --request POST \
 --user dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=kvaughan:bribery \
 --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
 --cacert ca-cert.pem \
 --data '{"newId": "dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=sjensen"}' \
 'https://localhost:8443/hdap/dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=scarter?_action=rename&_fields=uid'
{"uid":["scarter","sjensen"],"_id":"dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=sjensen","_rev":"<revision>"}

To remove the existing RDN value, uid=scarter in this example, use the deleteOldRdn=true parameter. An LDAP Relative Distinguished Name (RDN) refers to the part of an entry’s DN that differentiates it from all other DNs at the same level in the directory tree. For HDAP, the last path element of the _id holds the field value DS deletes when deleteOldRdn=true. In dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=sjensen, it’s uid=sjensen. In dc=com/dc=example/ou=People, it’s ou=People.

When you rename a resource with child resources, DS renames all the child resources, too.

For example, if you rename dc=com/dc=example/ou=People to dc=com/dc=example/ou=Subscribers, dc=com/dc=example/ou=People/uid=sjensen becomes dc=com/dc=example/ou=Subscribers/uid=sjensen.

DS directory servers support this operation only for moving resources in the same backend, under the same path. Depending on the number of resources moved, this can be a resource-intensive operation.

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