IDM 7.2.0

Authenticate as a different user

The X-OpenIDM-RunAs header lets an administrative user masquerade as a regular user, without needing that user’s password. To support this header, you must add the runAsProperties object to the properties of your authentication module. For example:

"runAsProperties" : {
    "adminRoles" : [
        "internal/role/openidm-admin"
    ],
    "disallowedRunAsRoles" : [
        "internal/role/openidm-admin"
    ],
    "defaultUserRoles" : [
        "internal/role/openidm-authorized"
    ],
    "queryId" : "credential-query",
    "queryOnResource" : "managed/user",
    "propertyMapping" : {
        "authenticationId" : "username",
        "userRoles" : "authzRoles"
    },
    "augmentSecurityContext" : {
        "type" : "text/javascript",
        "source" : "require('auth/customAuthz').setProtectedAttributes(security)"
    }
}

This configuration lets a user who authenticates with the openidm-admin role masquerade as any user except one with the openidm-admin role.

If you are adding this configuration to the STATIC_USER module, and you are using Delegated administration, you must add an additional propertyMapping to the properties of the authentication module. This mapping forces the privileges to be re-read into the security context when the session JWT is used on subsequent requests. For example:

"propertyMapping" : {
    "authenticationId" : "username"
}

The sample authentication.json file in openidm/samples/example-configurations/conf/runas/ adds the runAsProperties object to the STATIC_USER module. Users or clients who authenticate with this module can then masquerade as other users.

In the following example, the openidm-admin user authenticates with the STATIC_USER module, and can run REST calls as user bjensen without that user’s password:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-RunAs: bjensen" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/info/login"
{
  "_id": "login",
  "authenticationId": "bjensen",
  "authorization": {
    "userRolesProperty": "authzRoles",
    "component": "managed/user",
    "authLogin": false,
    "adminUser": "openidm-admin",
    "roles": [
      "internal/role/openidm-authorized"
    ],
    "ipAddress": "[0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1]",
    "authenticationId": "openidm-admin",
    "protectedAttributeList": [
      "password"
    ],
    "id": "bjensen",
    "moduleId": "STATIC_USER",
    "queryId": "credential-query"
  }
}

The authentication output shows that the request was made as user bjensen but with an adminUser of openidm-admin. This information is also logged in the authentication audit log.

If you were to actually authenticate as user bjensen, without the runAs header, the user is authenticated with the MANAGED_USER authentication module. The output still shows an authenticationId of bjensen but there is no reference to an adminUser:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: bjensen" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: Passw0rd" \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"http://localhost:8080/openidm/info/login"
{
  "_id": "login",
  "authenticationId": "bjensen",
  "authorization": {
    "userRolesProperty": "authzRoles",
    "component": "managed/user",
    "authLogin": false,
    "authenticationIdProperty": "username",
    "roles": [
      "internal/role/openidm-authorized"
    ],
    "ipAddress": "[0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1]",
    "authenticationId": "bjensen",
    "protectedAttributeList": [
      "password"
    ],
    "id": "bjensen",
    "moduleId": "MANAGED_USER",
    "queryId": "credential-query"
  }
}
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