IDM 7.2.0

Synchronize Kerberos user principals

This sample demonstrates how to manage Kerberos user principals and how to reconcile user principals with IDM managed user objects.

The connector configuration (/path/to/openidm/samples/sync-with-kerberos/conf/provisioner.openicf-kerberos.json)) assumes that IDM is running on a host that is separate from the Kerberos host.

This sample assumes that the default realm is EXAMPLE.COM and that there is an existing user principal openidm/admin. Adjust the sample to match your Kerberos realm and principals.

Configure the Kerberos connector

Before you run this sample, edit the connector configuration file to match your Kerberos environment. Specifically, set the correct values for the following properties:

host

The host name or IP address of the machine on which Kerberos is running.

port

The SSH port on that machine.

Default: 22 (the default SSH port)

user

The username of the account that is used to connect to the SSH server.

password

The password of the account that is used to connect to the SSH server.

prompt

A string that represents the remote SSH session prompt. This must be the exact prompt string, in the format username@target:, for example root@localhost:~$ . The easiest way to obtain this string is to ssh into the machine and copy paste the prompt.

customConfiguration

The details of the admin user principal and the default realm.

This example assumes an admin user principal of openidm/admin.

For more information on setting this property, see customConfiguration.

customSensitiveConfiguration

The password for the user principal.

For more information on setting this property, see customSensitiveConfiguration.

Your connector configuration should look something like the following:

...
  "configurationProperties" : {
    "host" : "192.0.2.0",
    "port" : 22,
    "user" : "admin",
    "password" : "Passw0rd",
    "prompt" : "admin@myhost:~$",
    "sudoCommand" : "/usr/bin/sudo",
    "echoOff" : true,
    "terminalType" : "vt102",
    "setLocale" : false,
    "locale" : "en_US.utf8",
    "connectionTimeout" : 5000,
    "expectTimeout" : 5000,
    "authenticationType" : "PASSWORD",
    "throwOperationTimeoutException" : true,
    "customConfiguration" : "kadmin { cmd = '/usr/sbin/kadmin.local'; user='openidm/admin'; default_realm='EXAMPLE.COM' }",
    "customSensitiveConfiguration" : "kadmin { password = 'Passw0rd'}",
  ...

IDM encrypts passwords in the configuration when it starts up, or whenever it reloads the configuration file.

For information about the complete Kerberos connector configuration, see Configure the Kerberos connector.

Do not modify the value of the scriptRoots or classpath properties unless you have extracted the scripts from the connector bundle and placed them on the filesystem.

Run the sample

This sample demonstrates IDM communicating with the Kerberos Server, creating/deleting users, and reconciling the IDM repository with Kerberos.

  1. Start IDM with the configuration for the Kerberos sample:

    cd /path/to/openidm/
    ./startup.sh -p samples/sync-with-kerberos
  2. Test that your connector configuration is correct and that IDM can reach your Kerberos server:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request POST \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/system?_action=test"
    [
      {
        "name": "kerberos",
        "enabled": true,
        "config": "config/provisioner.openicf/kerberos",
        "objectTypes": [
          "__ALL__",
          "account"
        ],
        "connectorRef": {
          "bundleName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.kerberos-connector",
          "connectorName": "org.forgerock.openicf.connectors.kerberos.KerberosConnector",
          "bundleVersion": "[1.4.0.0,1.6.0.0)"
        },
        "displayName": "Kerberos Connector",
        "ok": true
      }
    ]

    If the command returns "ok": true, your configuration is correct. Continue with the sample.

  3. Retrieve a list of the existing user principals in the Kerberos database:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request GET \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/kerberos/account?_queryId=query-all-ids"
    {
      "result": [
        {
          "_id": "K/M@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/admin@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/changepw@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/krb1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kiprop/krb1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "openidm/admin@EXAMPLE.COM",
        }
      ],
      ...
    }
  4. Create two new managed users, using REST or the admin UI.

    • REST

    • admin UI

    The following commands create users bjensen and scarter over REST:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --header "Content-type: application/json" \
    --request POST \
    --data '{
      "userName": "bjensen",
      "givenName": "Barbara",
      "sn" : "Jensen",
      "password" : "Passw0rd",
      "displayName" : "Barbara Jensen",
      "mail" : "bjensen@example.com"
     }' \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/managed/user?_action=create"
    {
      "_id": "ce3d9b8f-1d15-4950-82c1-f87596aadcb6",
      "_rev": "00000000792afa08",
      "userName": "bjensen",
      "givenName": "Barbara",
      "sn": "Jensen",
      "displayName": "Barbara Jensen",
      "mail": "bjensen@example.com",
      "accountStatus": "active",
      "effectiveRoles": [],
      "effectiveAssignments": []
    }
    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --header "Content-type: application/json" \
    --request POST \
    --data '{
      "userName": "scarter",
      "givenName": "Steven",
      "sn" : "Carter",
      "password" : "Passw0rd",
      "displayName" : "Steven Carter",
      "mail" : "scarter@example.com"
     }' \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/managed/user?_action=create"
    {
      "_id": "a204ca60-b0fc-42f8-bf93-65bb30131361",
      "_rev": "000000004121fb7e",
      "userName": "scarter",
      "givenName": "Steven",
      "sn": "Carter",
      "displayName": "Steven Carter",
      "mail": "scarter@example.com",
      "accountStatus": "active",
      "effectiveRoles": [],
      "effectiveAssignments": []
    }

    To create users bjensen and scarter using the admin UI, select Managed > User, and click New User.

  5. Run a reconciliation operation between the managed user repository and the Kerberos database to create the new users bjensen and scarter in Kerberos. You can run the reconciliation over REST, or using the admin UI.

    • REST

    • admin UI

    The following command creates runs the reconciliation over REST:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request POST \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/recon?_action=recon&mapping=managedUser_systemKerberos"
    {
      "_id": "862ab9ba-d1d9-4058-b6bc-a23a94b68776-234",
      "state": "ACTIVE"
    }

    To run the reconciliation using the admin UI, select Configure > Mappings, click on the managedUser_systemKerberos mapping, and click Reconcile.

  6. Retrieve the list of Kerberos user principals again. You should now see bjensen and scarter in this list:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request GET \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/kerberos/account?_queryId=query-all-ids"
    {
      "result": [
        {
          "_id": "bjensen@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "scarter@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        ...
        {
          "_id": "openidm/admin@EXAMPLE.COM",
        }
      ],
      ...
    }
  7. Retrieve the bjensen complete user principal from the Kerberos server over REST, or using the admin UI:

    • REST

    • admin UI

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request GET \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/kerberos/account/bjensen@EXAMPLE.COM"
    {
      "_id": "bjensen@EXAMPLE.COM",
      "lastFailedAuthentication": "[never]",
      "passwordExpiration": "[none]",
      "lastSuccessfulAuthentication": "[never]",
      "maximumTicketLife": "0 days 10:00:00",
      "lastModified": "Tue May 24 04:05:45 EDT 2016 (openidm/admin@EXAMPLE.COM)",
      "policy": "user [does not exist]",
      "expirationDate": "[never]",
      "failedPasswordAttempts": "0",
      "maximumRenewableLife": "7 days 00:00:00",
      "principal": "bjensen@EXAMPLE.COM",
      "lastPasswordChange": "Tue May 24 04:05:45 EDT 2016"
    }

    To retrieve the user using the admin UI, select Manage > User, click bjensen, and click the Linked Systems tab to display the corresponding Kerberos server entry.

    The default values for properties such as maximumRenewableLife are set in your connector configuration. For more information, see Configure the Kerberos connector.
  8. Delete the managed user bjensen by specifying the managed object ID in the DELETE request.

    1. First, obtain the ID by querying the userName:

      curl \
      --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
      --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
      --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
      --request GET \
      "http://localhost:8080/openidm/managed/user?_queryFilter=userName+eq+'bjensen'"
      {
        "result": [
          {
            "_id": "ce3d9b8f-1d15-4950-82c1-f87596aadcb6",
            "_rev": "00000000a92657c7",
            "userName": "bjensen",
            "givenName": "Barbara",
            "sn": "Jensen",
            "displayName": "Barbara Jensen",
            "mail": "bjensen@example.com",
            "accountStatus": "active",
            "effectiveRoles": [],
            "effectiveAssignments": []
          }
        ],
        ...
      }
    2. Now delete the user with ID ce3d9b8f-1d15-4950-82c1-f87596aadcb6 over REST, or using the admin UI. This ID will be different in your example.

      • REST

      • admin UI

      curl \
      --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
      --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
      --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
      --request DELETE \
      "http://localhost:8080/openidm/managed/user/ce3d9b8f-1d15-4950-82c1-f87596aadcb6"
      {
        "_id": "ce3d9b8f-1d15-4950-82c1-f87596aadcb6",
        "_rev": "00000000a92657c7",
        "userName": "bjensen",
        "givenName": "Barbara",
        "sn": "Jensen",
        "displayName": "Barbara Jensen",
        "mail": "bjensen@example.com",
        "accountStatus": "active",
        "effectiveRoles": [],
        "effectiveAssignments": []
      }

      To delete managed user bjensen using the admin UI, select Manage > User, select the checkbox adjacent to bjensen, and click Delete Selected.

  9. Reconcile the managed user repository and the Kerberos database again:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request POST \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/recon?_action=recon&mapping=managedUser_systemKerberos"
    {
      "_id": "862ab9ba-d1d9-4058-b6bc-a23a94b68776-584",
      "state": "ACTIVE"
    }
  10. Retrieve the list of Kerberos user principals again. The Kerberos principal for bjensen should not exist:

    curl \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
    --header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin" \
    --header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
    --request GET \
    "http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/kerberos/account?_queryId=query-all-ids"
    {
      "result": [
        {
          "_id": "K/M@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/admin@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/changepw@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kadmin/krb1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "kiprop/krb1.example.com@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "scarter@EXAMPLE.COM",
        },
        {
          "_id": "openidm/admin@EXAMPLE.COM",
        }
      ],
      ...
    }

Some user IDs in Kerberos include characters such as a forward slash (/) and an "at sign" (@) that prevent them from being used directly in a REST URL. For example, openidm/system/kerberos/account/kadmin/admin@EXAMPLE.COM, where the ID is kadmin/admin@EXAMPLE.COM. To retrieve such entries directly over REST, you must URL-encode the Kerberos ID; for example:

"http://localhost:8080/openidm/system/kerberos/account/kadmin%2Fadmin%40EXAMPLE.COM"
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