Effective Roles and Effective Assignments

Effective roles and effective assignments are virtual properties of a user object. Their values are calculated by Identity Cloud, using relationships between related objects to know when to recalculate when changes occur. The relationships between objects are configured using the notify, notifySelf, and notifyRelationships settings for managed/realm-name_user, managed/realm-name_role, and managed/realm-name_assignment. Which related objects to traverse for calculation is configured using queryConfig. Calculation or recalculation is triggered when the roles or assignments for a managed user are added, removed, or changed, including by changes from temporal constraints, and notification of that change is sent to the related objects.

The following excerpt of the managed object configuration file shows how these two virtual properties are constructed for each managed user object:

"effectiveRoles" : {
    "type" : "array",
    "title" : "Effective Roles",
    "description" : "Effective Roles",
    "viewable" : false,
    "returnByDefault" : true,
    "isVirtual" : true,
    "queryConfig" : {
        "referencedRelationshipFields" : ["roles"]
    },
    "usageDescription" : "",
    "isPersonal" : false,
    "items" : {
        "type" : "object",
        "title" : "Effective Roles Items"
    }
},
"effectiveAssignments" : {
    "type" : "array",
    "title" : "Effective Assignments",
    "description" : "Effective Assignments",
    "viewable" : false,
    "returnByDefault" : true,
    "isVirtual" : true,
    "queryConfig" : {
        "referencedRelationshipFields" : ["roles", "assignments"],
        "referencedObjectFields" : ["*"]
    },
    "usageDescription" : "",
    "isPersonal" : false,
    "items" : {
        "type" : "object",
        "title" : "Effective Assignments Items"
    }
}

When a role references an assignment, and a user references the role, that user automatically references the assignment in its list of effective assignments.

effectiveRoles uses the roles relationship to calculate the grants that are currently in effect, including any qualified by temporal constraints.

effectiveAssignments uses the roles relationship, and the assignments relationship for each role, to calculate the current assignments in effect for that user. The synchronization engine reads the calculated value of the effectiveAssignments attribute when it processes the user. The target system is updated according to the configured assignmentOperation for each assignment.

When a user's roles or assignments are updated, Identity Cloud calculates the effectiveRoles and effectiveAssignments for that user based on the current value of the user's roles property, and the assignments property of any roles referenced by the roles property. The previous set of examples showed the creation of a role employee that referenced an assignment employee and was granted to user bjensen. Querying that user entry would show the following effective roles and effective assignments:

curl \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Username: openidm-admin" \
--header "X-OpenIDM-Password: openidm-admin"  \
--header "Accept-API-Version: resource=1.0" \
--request GET \
"https://tenant-name.forgeblocks.com/openidm/managed/realm-name_user/bjensen?_fields=userName,roles,effectiveRoles,effectiveAssignments"
{
  "_id": "ca8855fd-a404-42c7-88b7-02f8a8a825b2",
  "_rev": "0000000081eebe1a",
  "userName": "bjensen",
  "effectiveRoles": [
    {
      "_ref": "managed/realm-name_role/2243f5f8-ed75-4c3b-b4b3-058d5c58fbb4"
    }
  ],
  "effectiveAssignments": [
    {
      "name": "employee",
      "description": "Assignment for employees.",
      "mapping": "managedUser_systemLdapAccounts",
      "attributes": [
        {
          "assignmentOperation": "mergeWithTarget",
          "name": "employeeType",
          "unassignmentOperation": "removeFromTarget",
          "value": [
            "employee"
          ]
        }
      ],
      "_rev": "0000000087d5a9a5",
      "_id": "46befacf-a7ad-4633-864d-d93abfa561e9"
    }
  ],
  "roles": [
    {
      "_ref": "managed/realm-name_role/2243f5f8-ed75-4c3b-b4b3-058d5c58fbb4",
      "_refResourceCollection": "managed/realm-name_role",
      "_refResourceId": "2243f5f8-ed75-4c3b-b4b3-058d5c58fbb4",
      "_refProperties": {
        "_id": "93552530-10fa-49a4-865f-c942dffd2801",
        "_rev": "0000000081ed9f2b"
      }
    }
  ]
}

In this example, synchronizing the managed/realm-name_user repository with the external LDAP system defined in the mapping populates user bjensen's employeeType attribute in LDAP with the value employee.

Read a different version of :