Identity Cloud

Scope evaluation

Use this extension point to change how Identity Cloud evaluates and retrieves scopes for OAuth 2.0 access token introspection.

This page demonstrates the sample scope evaluation script. The script treats scopes as profile attributes for the resource owner. Identity Cloud populates the scopes with profile attribute values in response to a token introspection request.

Prepare the demonstration

Start by preparing the demonstration:

Sample script

The sample script populates scopes with attributes from the resource owner’s user profile. It uses methods of the accessToken, identity, and logger bindings.

  1. Under Native Consoles > Access Management, select Realms > alpha > Scripts > + New Script.


    Demo scope evaluation extension

    Script Type

    OAuth2 Evaluate Scope

  2. In the new script window, select Language: JavaScript and save the following script:

    (function () {
        var map = new java.util.HashMap();
        if (identity) {
            var scopes = accessToken.getScope().toArray();
            scopes.forEach(function (scope) {
                var attributes = identity.getAttribute(scope).toArray();
                map.put(scope, attributes.join(","));
        } else {
            logger.error('identity is null');
        return map;

Resource owner

  1. Create a resource owner profile and record the username and password.

    In this example, the resource owner also plays the role of application owner for the OAuth 2.0 client.

  2. Update the following setting in the new user profile and save your work:

    Email Address

OAuth 2.0 client

The OAuth 2.0 client profile in this example overrides the Identity Cloud OAuth 2.0 provider settings. This lets you test the script without affecting access tokens issued to other clients.

  1. Register a client application.

    1. In the Identity Cloud admin UI, go to Applications and select + Custom Application.

    2. Select the sign-in method as OIDC - OpenId Connect and application type as Web.

    3. Create the application, providing the following details:





      Client ID


      Client Secret


  2. Add the following settings in the client profile under Sign On > General Settings and save your work:

    Sign-in URLs



  3. Override OAuth 2.0 provider settings for this client.

    Under Native Consoles > Access Management, select Realms > alpha > Applications > OAuth 2.0 > Clients > myClient. Switch to the OAuth2 Provider Overrides tab, update the following settings and save your work:

    Enable OAuth2 Provider Overrides


    Scope Evaluation Plugin Type


    Scope Evaluation Script

    Demo scope evaluation extension

Test the demonstration

After preparing the demonstration, test your work using HTTP calls to REST endpoints.

The demonstration uses the Authorization code grant flow:

  • The resource owner authenticates to obtain an SSO token.

  • The client relies on Implied Consent being enabled (default) in the Identity Cloud admin UI under Applications > Client ID > Advanced settings > Authentication. It assumes the resource owner grants the client access.

  • The client requests the authorization code and exchanges it for an access token your script modified.

  • The client uses the legacy /oauth2/tokeninfo endpoint to inspect the access token.

Follow these steps:

  1. Authenticate as the resource owner:

    curl \
    --request POST \
    --header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
    --header 'X-OpenAM-Username: <resource-owner-username>' \
    --header 'X-OpenAM-Password: <resource-owner-password>' \
    --header 'Accept-API-Version: resource=2.0, protocol=1.0' \
  2. Request the authorization code as the client:

    curl \
    --dump-header - \
    --request POST \
    --Cookie '<session-cookie-name>=<resource-owner-tokenId>' \
    --data 'scope=mail' \
    --data 'response_type=code' \
    --data 'client_id=myClient' \
    --data 'csrf=<resource-owner-tokenId>' \
    --data 'redirect_uri=' \
    --data 'state=abc123' \
    --data 'decision=allow' \
  3. Exchange the authorization code for an access token as the client:

    curl \
    --request POST \
    --user 'myClient:forgerock' \
    --data 'grant_type=authorization_code' \
    --data 'code=<authorization-code>' \
    --data 'redirect_uri=' \
      "access_token": "<access-token>",
      "refresh_token": "<refresh-token>",
      "scope": "mail",
      "token_type": "Bearer",
      "expires_in": 3599
  4. Get information about the access token as the client acting as a resource server:

    curl \
    --request GET \
    --header 'Authorization: Bearer <access-token>' \
      "access_token": "<access-token>",
      "mail": "",
      "grant_type": "authorization_code",
      "auth_level": 0,
      "auditTrackingId": "<audit-tracking-id>",
      "scope": ["mail"],
      "realm": "/alpha",
      "token_type": "Bearer",
      "expires_in": 3497,
      "authGrantId": "<auth-grant-id>",
      "client_id": "myClient"

    The script added "mail": "".

Use a validated script

Test your scope evaluation scripts as you did for the demonstration. After validating your script with OAuth 2.0 provider overrides in your test client, you can update the OAuth 2.0 provider configuration to use the script.

  1. Under Native Consoles > Access Management, add the script to the target realm if you haven’t done so.

  2. Select Realms > Realm Name > Services > OAuth2 Provider, switch to the Plugins tab, and edit these settings before saving your work:

    • Scope Evaluation Plugin Type

    • Scope Evaluation Script

Available objects

Identity Cloud injects the following objects into the execution context of an OAuth 2.0 scope evaluation script:

Binding Information


The OAuth 2.0 access token.

For details, refer to AccessToken.


An HTTP client for making external HTTP requests.


An identity Identity Cloud can access.

For details, refer to AMIdentity.


Write a message to the debug log. Always present in all extension scripts.

In Identity Cloud, this corresponds to the am-core log source.

Logger names use the format scripts.OAUTH2_EVALUATE_SCOPE.<script UUID>.(<script name>).

For information about debug logs, refer to Get audit and debug logs.


The display name of the script.

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